The results need to be presented in enough detail for someone not familiar with the scientific paper to understand them. Do not present raw data! For examples, see the Appendix. Writing the scientific paper in the investigative lab. Note that the Literature Cited section includes only those references that were actually mentioned cited in the paper.
In any of the above cases, the reader would be forced to read more of the paper to understand what the researcher had done. In the discussion you should refer to the literature when explaining and discussing your results. One important general rule to keep in mind is that a scientific paper is a report about something that has been done in the past.
All background information gathered from other sources must, of course, be appropriately cited. If your work has been supported by a grant, you would also give credit for that in this section. A major goal of plant ecology is to explain spatial variation in a species frequency of occurrence.
Since your Introduction went from the general to a specific question, going from the specific back to the general will help to tie your ideas and arguments together. For a much more detailed discussion about writing scientific papers, consult: Also the data do not prove a causal relationship between auxin action on microtubule orientation and tropic curvature.
By looking at only the Introduction and Conclusions sections, a reader should have a good idea of what the researcher has investigated and discovered even though the specific details of how the work was done would not be known.
The best conclusions will link interpretations directly to findings and hypotheses discussed earlier in the paper. If the title had been "Effect of Environmental Factors on Growth of Escherichia coli ", the reader would not know which environmental factors were manipulated.
The materials that were used in the research are simply mentioned in the narrative as the experimental procedure is described in detail. Six petri plates were prepared with agar and inoculated with the bacteria. Proper citation of references will be described later.
Do not repeat extensively in the text the data you have presented in tables and figures. It does not need to be lengthy, just enough to provide a full interpretation.
The discussion section enables the writer to frame how others should understand the study in question. A helpful strategy in this section is to go from the general, theoretical framework to your specific question.
Discussion In the discussion you should explain your results, how they relate to the literature and any implications they might have for future use.Writing a conclusion is the final part of the research paper, drawing everything together and tying it into your initial research.
This article is a part of the guide. This handout will explain the functions of conclusions, offer strategies for writing effective ones, help you evaluate drafts, and suggest what to avoid. Such a conclusion will help them see why all your analysis and information should matter to them after they put the paper down.
Your conclusion is your chance to have the last word on the. Advice about writing the results, discussion and conclusion sections of a scientific paper.
a guide to writing scientific papers Scientific experiments are demanding, exciting endeavors, but, to have an impact, results must be communicated to others.
A research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your .Download