Key strategies of the program include awareness and education campaigns, nest protection, monitoring, captive breeding, and ecological research. In this scheme, local communities are entrusted with the responsibility for forest rehabilitation, protection, and conservation.
Overexploitation Overhunting, overfishing and over-harvesting contribute greatly to the loss of biodiversity, killing off numerous species over the past several hundred years.
Decades of environmental neglect have pushed ecosystems to their limit, often with deadly repercussions for the human population.
Recent re-analyses of population estimates using new data suggest that the species may have a larger population, and confirmed records from new localities indicate a much wider distribution Collar et al. Another emerging success story is the in situ conservation of the critically endangered Philippine crocodile Crocodylus mindorensis.
Efforts Threats to philippine biodiversity preserve biodiversity are hampered by socioeconomic and political problems. Is conservation in the Philippines a lost cause?
Entrenched corruption, weak governance, uneven distribution of wealth, and opposition by small but powerful interest groups make it difficult to change and implement sound environmental policies VitugUtting Conservation and continued awareness surrounding overexploitation, especially poaching and overfishing, are key.
Other solutions, such as removing subsidies granted to large-scale fisheriescan help, too. The Philippines exemplifies this critical situation. For example, acid rain, which is typically caused by the burning of fossil fuels, can acidify smaller bodies of water and soil, negatively affecting the species that live there by changing breeding and feeding habits.
The loss of soil fertility, pollution from large-scale mining operations, and reduced productivity of fisheries affect the livelihood of millions of rural inhabitants Pineda-Ofreneo Ultimately, however, small and scattered MPAs, even if they are successful, cannot protect biodiversity and sustain fisheries nationally in the Philippines.
Destructive fishing practices include overfishing, trawl fishing, dynamite fishing and cyanide fishing, where cyanide is dissolved in water and squirted into reefs, while other threats come from pollution and erosion. Deforestation and habitat loss Image: Without soil, agricultural efforts cannot be resumed for 25 to 50 years, demonstrating that logging produces net loss, not net benefit.
Once the habitats get too small for confort, other factors add to the stress: See UN SG message http: A proportion of invasive alien species are important pests or pathogens that can cause enormous economic costs. Exploitation of many vital habitats has brought the Philippines to the brink of ecological ruin.
The right to use forest resources and the right to tenure security are intended to be incentives to plant trees and defend forestland against illegal logging Lasco and Pulhin The unique characteristics of the park—its remote marine location, lack of inhabitants, tourism potential, and a stakeholder community composed of local and international fishing groups—require a high-level, dedicated collaboration among the governmental, nongovernmental, and private sectors.
An alliance of major local and international conservation organizations and government agencies was formed to pool resources and coordinate groups working to conserve the Philippine eagle. The solutions to deforestation mostly lie in policy — companies and corporations can adopt best practices and refuse to use timber and paper suppliers that contribute to deforestation.
Elsewhere in the country, a number of other NGOs are playing crucial roles by providing services to, or acting on behalf of, different sectors of society involved in conservation.
By forging links among the government, funding agencies, and local communities, and serving as project implementers, facilitators, trainers, and researchers, the NGOs can be catalysts for effective action.
Such moves for community development enhance the awareness and foster the participation of people in surrounding areas beyond the park jurisdiction, helping to alleviate encroachment.
The loss and degradation of tropical ecosystems throughout the planet are threatening numerous species with extinction and thereby driving a biodiversity crisis with serious consequences for human well-being. One program that has achieved remarkable success to date involves work with the endemic Philippine cockatoo Cacatua haematuropygia.
Social issues, such as land tenure and poverty alleviation through alternative livelihood, are often addressed concurrently with the actual protection of biodiversity. In the forest ecosystem, the primary causes of forest loss are commercial exploitation and population growth including lifestyle and consumption patterns and the introduction of invasive alien species.
Illegal collection and exportation of corals and live reef fish has resulted in significant detrimental effects on biodiversity, coral reef condition, sea grass cover and fish numbers.
Similar schemes are being implemented in additional areas, and there are indications of recovering populations on Palawan and Polillo Islands Indira Lacerna-Widmann, Katala Foundation, Palawan, Philippines, personal communication, 21 November Epidemics viruses, fungi have also been observed.
Rates of annual forest loss continue to be high, at approximately 1. Remarkably, however precarious the present situation may seem, there have been some recent positive gains and signs of hope. Ultimately, however, international governments need to enact stronger, scientific forest protection laws.
We review current conservation efforts in the Philippines, considering the actions of academics, field researchers, local communities, nongovernmental organizations, the government, and other sectors of society.
Pollution of soils, air and water Excess of heavy metals industry, roadsmanure and pesticides agriculture and other pollutants Invasions by alien species International trade and transport roads, railways, riversgardening practices, exotic trees in forestry, exotic pests released in the wild, climate change, etc.
Obtaining new information on the conservation status of the wildlife and their habitats, providing current and accurate information about habitat management and conservation to government agencies at the national and local levels, and educating the public about the spectacular animals that live around them so that people will be more strongly motivated to promote conservation have all helped to rejuvenate the forests and preserve one of the most endangered ecosystems in the world.
Remaining natural resources are continually under pressure from an increasing human population Since starting a nest-protection program with 32 nests inthe PESCP has monitored and protected an increasing number of nest holes, reporting successfully fledged broods in Curio In addition, their effectiveness for biodiversity conservation and their impacts on soil and water properties need to be evaluated.CHANGE IN THREAT STATUS OF SPECIES Biodiversity Species Core indicator ecology, and the threats they face, among others: Least Concern, Near Threatened, Vulnerable, Endangered, Critically.
Biodiversity is vital to keep all life on Earth healthy, balanced and thriving. Here are biodiversity's biggest threats, and what we can do to fight them. To enhance and enable the conservation of the Philippines unique and threatened environment, biodiversity and natural resources into perpetuity, through the establishment of integrated biodiversity conservation and development programs particularly conservation breeding, that include dissemination of knowledge, management.
Major Threats to Biodiversity and Their Interaction In this chapter, I provide an overview of patterns of ex-tinction and species endangerment, and describe ef forts. •Current Major Threats to Biodiversity • Habitat Related (Loss, Degradation, Fragmentation) • Pollution (Chemical, Light, and Noise) •.
Degradation of the Ecosystem in the Philippines By Clare Smith; Updated April 24, The Philippines is a country rich in biodiversity and endemism, with many natural resources that contribute towards the economy and local communities.Download