Despite continuing resistance from a few Gothic garrisons and two subsequent invasions by the Franks and Alemannithe war for the Italian peninsula was at an end. This older name of the city would rarely be used from this point onward except in historical or poetic contexts.
At the same time the Slavs laid pressure and settled in the Balkans. Inthe Corpus was updated and, along with the enactments promulgated by Justinian afterformed the system of law used for most of the rest of the Byzantine era.
Fresco by Piero della Francescac. These territories were home to many different cultural groups, both urban populations and rural populations.
This system may have had its roots in certain ad hoc measures taken by Heraclius, but over the course of the 7th century it developed into an entirely new system of imperial governance. This success allowed Theodosius II to focus on the codification of Roman law and further fortification of the walls of Constantinoplewhich left the city impervious to most attacks until InByzantine forces sent to disperse these new settlements were defeated.
In the Byzantine Empire had lost all of its southern provinces except the Exarchate of Africa to the Caliphate. Although the administrative subdivisions varied, they generally involved a division of labour between East and West.
Each division was a form of power-sharing or even job-sharingfor the ultimate imperium was not divisible and therefore the empire remained legally one state—although the co-emperors often saw each other as rivals or enemies.
The Byzantine Empire in — Because of the Byzantine—Sasanian War of — both Byzantines and Persians exhausted themselves and made them vulnerable for the expansion of the Caliphate.
In the 5th century the Eastern part of the empire was largely spared the difficulties faced by the West—due in part to a more established urban culture and greater financial resources, which allowed it to placate invaders with tribute and pay foreign mercenaries.
A revolt broke out under an officer named Phocas, who marched the troops back to Constantinople; Maurice and his family were murdered while trying to escape. Pagan festivals and sacrifices were banned, as was access to all pagan temples and places of worship.
The main Sassanid force was destroyed at Nineveh inand in Heraclius restored the True Cross to Jerusalem in a majestic ceremony,  as he marched into the Sassanid capital of Ctesiphonwhere anarchy and civil war reigned as a result of the enduring war.
Belisarius contributed immensely to the expansion of the empire. Inemperor Diocletian created a new administrative system the tetrarchyto guarantee security in all endangered regions of his Empire. His successor, Marcianrefused to continue to pay the tribute, but Attila had already diverted his attention to the West.
Constantine established the principle that emperors could not settle questions of doctrine on their own, but should summon instead general ecclesiastical councils for that purpose.Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays. We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued .Download