In the opening scene, she makes an emotional appeal to her sister Ismene saying that they must protect their brother out of sisterly love, even if he did betray their state.
Creon has decreed that the traitor Polynices must not be given proper burial, and Antigone is the only one who will speak against this decree and insist on the sacredness of family. Antigone has hanged herself and Haemon, in desperate agony, kills himself as well.
Creon, on the other hand, believes that citizenship is a contract; it is not absolute or inalienable, and can be lost in certain circumstances.
She expresses her regrets at not having married and dying for following the laws of the gods. The chorus delivers a choral ode to the god Dionysus god of wine and of the theater; this part is the offering to their patron god.
The leader of the chorus pledges his support out of deference to Creon. All of Greece will despise Creon, and the sacrificial offerings of Thebes will not be accepted by the gods. Appearance elsewhere[ edit ] Different elements of the legend appear in other places.
Unsure what to do, the sentries assigned to keep watch over the grave finally resolve to tell the king. Although Creon has a change of heart and tries to release Antigone, he finds she has hanged herself. King Creonwho has ascended to the throne of Thebes after the death of the brothers, decrees that Polynices is not to be buried or even mourned, on pain of death by stoning.
It is not clear how he would personally handle these two values in conflict, but it is a moot point in the play, for, as absolute ruler of Thebes, Creon is the state, and the state is Creon. Portrayed as wise and full of reason, Tiresias attempts to warn Creon of his foolishness and tells him the gods are angry.
Herodotus discussed how members of each city would collect their own dead after a large battle to bury them. Athenians would identify the folly of tyranny. The Chorus sings an ode about how man dominates the earth and how only death can master him. It is clear how he feels about these two values in conflict when encountered in another person, Antigone: The terrible calamities that overtake Creon are not the result of his exalting the law of the state over the unwritten and divine law which Antigone vindicates, but are his intemperance which led him to disregard the warnings of Tiresias until it was too late.
Characters[ edit ] Antigonecompared to her beautiful and docile sister, is portrayed as a heroine who recognizes her familial duty. Antigone and Creon are prototypical tragic figures in an Aristotelian sense, as they struggle towards their fore-doomed ends, forsaken by the gods. The messenger reports that Creon saw to the burial of Polyneices.
Koryphaios is the assistant to the King Creon and the leader of the Chorus. The father and son argue, Haemon accusing Creon of arrogance, and Creon accusing Haemon of unmanly weakness in siding with a woman. The chorus is presented as a group of citizens who, though they may feel uneasy about the treatment of the corpse, respect Creon and what he is doing.
Tiresias warns Creon that Polyneices should now be urgently buried because the gods are displeased, refusing to accept any sacrifices or prayers from Thebes. When the boy grows up, he attends some funeral games at Thebes, and is recognized by the mark of a dragon on his body.
By not killing her directly, he hopes to pay the minimal respects to the gods. The Chorus, composed of the elders of Thebes, comes forward. A messenger enters to tell the leader of the chorus that Antigone has killed herself.
My own flesh and blood—dear sister, dear Ismene, how many griefs our father Oedipus handed down! But it warns that man should use his powers only in accordance with the laws of the land and the justice of the gods; society cannot tolerate those who exert their will to reckless ends.
A description of an ancient painting by Philostratus Imagines ii. The play ends with a somber warning from the chorus that pride will be punished by the blows of fate.
Ismene declares that she will always love Antigone, and then withdraws into the palace. Creon, furious, orders the sentry to find the culprit or face death himself.
Creon orders that the two women be temporarily imprisoned. Her dialogues with Ismene reveal her to be as stubborn as her uncle. Haemon leaves in anger, swearing never to return. Outside the city gates, Antigone tells Ismene that Creon has ordered that Eteocles, who died defending the city, is to be buried with full honors, while the body of Polynices, the invader, is left to rot.
Antigone does not deny that Polyneices has betrayed the state, she simply acts as if this betrayal does not rob him of the connection that he would have otherwise had with the city.
Creon discovers that someone has attempted to offer a ritual burial to Polynices and demands that the guilty one be found and brought before him. Natural law and contemporary legal institutions[ edit ] In Antigone, Sophocles asks the question, which law is greater:May 02, · Sophocles' play produced by Allen Community College on May 1, Translation by Nicholas Ruddall.
Sophocles' play is a typical Greek tragedy, in which inherent flaws of the acting characters lead to irrevocable disaster. Antigone and Creon are prototypical tragic figures in an Aristotelian sense, as they struggle towards their fore. Antigone is a tragedy because, following Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, it imitates an action that has serious consequences.
The play. A summary of Antigone, lines 1– in Sophocles's The Oedipus Plays. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Oedipus Plays and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Every Shakespeare Play Summed Up in a Single Sentence By Elodie August 23, Harry. Antigone has hanged herself and Haemon, in desperate agony, kills himself as well.
On hearing the news of her son's death, Eurydice, the queen, also kills herself, cursing Creon.
Alone, in despair, Creon accepts responsibility for. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Antigone Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays.
Here's where you'll find analysis about the play as a whole, from the major themes and ideas to analysis of style, tone, point of view, and more. Themes; Motifs; .Download