Nonetheless, details concerning travel, distances covered, and seasons are rarely stated; the panorama is observed from an impersonal distance with a powerful wide-angle lens.
Again in Acre, after some backtracking, the three finally met up with the newly-named Pope Gregory of Piacenza. It was Benedetto who identified Rustichello da Pisa as the original compiler or amanuensisand his established text has provided the basis for many modern translations: Frontispiece depicting Marco Polo, from an early printed edition in German of his travels.
For some scholars, novelists, filmmakers, and dramatists, he was a brilliant young courtier, a man of prodigious memory, a most conscientious observer, and a successful official at the cosmopolitan court of the Mongol rulers.
Marco Polo emerges as being curious and tolerant, and devoted to Kublai Khan and the dynasty that he served for two decades. For example, Odoric of Pordenone said that the Yangtze river flows through the land of pygmies only three spans high and gave other fanciful tales, while Giovanni da Pian del Carpine spoke of "wild men, who do not speak at all and have no joints in their legs", monsters who looked like women but whose menfolk were dogs, and other equally fantastic accounts.
His claim is confirmed by a Chinese text of the 14th century explaining how a Sogdian named Mar-Sargis from Samarkand founded six Nestorian Christian churches there in addition to one in Hangzhou during the second half of the 13th century.
Legacy[ edit ] The Travels was a rare popular success in an era before printing.
He brought noodles back from China and the Italians came up with different sizes and shapes and called it pasta. Haw sees this as a reasonable claim if Marco was a keshigwho numbered some fourteen thousand at the time. The journey took 3 years after which they arrived in Cathay as it was then called and met the grandson of Genghis KhanKublai Khan.
He was then imprisoned in Genoa, where he had a felicitous encounter with a prisoner from PisaRustichello or Rusticianoa fairly well-known writer of romances and a specialist in chivalry and its lore, then a fashionable subject. Baudas, or Baghdad, known in ancient times as Babylon, lies along the river that opens out upon the Sea of India.
After learning a little about the exotic Catholic religion of his guests, the Khan dispatched envoys to return with them to Italy to meet with the Pope. However, these priests soon became discouraged.
His father Niccolo Polo took him on his first journey to Cathay China. The 14th-century author John Mandeville wrote an account of journeys in the East, but this was probably based on second-hand information and contains much apocryphal information.
It became famous throughout Europe. His father had borrowed money and bought a ship. The party sailed to the port of Singapore travelled north to Sumatra and sailed west to the Point Pedro port of Jaffna under Savakanmaindan and to Pandyan of Tamilakkam. Elvin concludes that "those who doubted, although mistaken, were not always being casual or foolish", but "the case as a whole had now been closed": Unfortunately, the party was soon attacked by banditswho used the cover of a sandstorm to ambush them.
Polo had at times denied the "marvelous" fables and legends given in other European accounts, and also omitted descriptions of strange races of people then believed to inhabit eastern Asia and given in such accounts.
The book,The Travels of Marco Polo, is the written record which chronicles the adventures and travels that Marco Polo experienced while exploring the eastern world.
The oldest surviving Polo manuscript is in Old French heavily flavoured with Italian;  for Luigi Foscolo Benedetto, this "F" text is the basic original text, which he corrected by comparing it with the somewhat more detailed Italian of Ramusio, together with a Latin manuscript in the Biblioteca Ambrosiana.
They left China in late or early  and were back in Venice in His captor locks him up in his tower, where he starves to death surrounded by gold. During the voyage, six hundred of the crew are lost as well as two of the barons. Not much is known about his golden years except that he continued trading and litigated against a cousin.
Although it is uncertain if the Polos were of the nobility, the matter was of little importance in Venicea city of republican and mercantile traditions. His accounts are therefore unlikely to have been obtained second hand. Marco also describes strange characters and mystical tribes: Commentary … Since … our first Father Adam … never hath there been Christian, or Pagan, or Tartar, or Indian or any man of any nationwho in his own person hath had so much knowledge and experience of the divers parts of the World and its Wonders as hath had this Messer Marco!Europe and Marco Polo.
The Description of the World.
What else was it called? The Book of Marvels. The Travels of Marco Polo. How was the book(s) helpful to others?
as told to Rusticiano da Pisa and edited by Francis R, Gemma; originally titled A DESCRIPTION OF THE WORLD Type of Work: Autobiographical. Marco Polo (January 8, ) was an Italian trader and explorer. He was one of the first Europeans to explore East Asia.
Many other explorers, including Christopher Columbus, looked up to him. He could speak four languages. Marco Polo was known for the book Travels of Marco Polo where he talked about Asia. The Travels of Marco Polo Homework Help Questions What are the themes of The Travels of Marco Polo?
The Travels of Marco Polo is a travelogue describing Marco Polo's travels in Asia between and CE. His travels are recorded in Livres des merveilles du monde (Book of the Marvels of the World, also known as The Travels of Marco Polo, c.
), a book that described to Europeans the wealth and great size of China, its capital Peking, and. The Travels of Marco Polo Summary & Study Guide includes detailed chapter summaries and analysis, quotes, character descriptions, themes, and more.Download